The Indigenous Candidates and what their parties are offering voters:
Conservative Party of Canada (CPC)
Green Party of Canada (GPC)
Roger Fleury (Algonquin) – Hull-Alymer
Fran Hunt-Jinnouchi (Kwakiutl/Quatsino) – Cowichan-Malahat-Langford
Lorraine Rekmans (Algonquin) – Leeds-Grenville-Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes
Brenda Sayers (Nuu-chah-nult) – North Island-Powell River
Liberal Party of Canada (LPC)
Lisa Abbott (Cree) – Saskatoon West
Della Anaquod (Saulteaux, Cree, Dakota) – Regina-Qu’appelle
Philippe Archambault (Métis) – Lanark–Frontenac-Kingston
Rebecca Chartrand (Anishinaabe, Métis) – Churchill-Keewatinook Aski
Trisha Cowie (Aboriginal) – Parry Sound-Muskoka
Louis De Jaeger (Métis) – Chilliwack-Hope
Yvonne Jones (Métis) – Labrador
Lawrence Joseph (Cree) – Desnethé-Missinippi-Churchill River
Michael McLeod (Métis) – Northwest Territories
Robert-Falcon Ouellette (Cree) – Winnipeg Centre
Don Rusnak (Anishinaabe) – Thunder Bay-Rainy River
Karley Scott (Métis) – Central Okanagan-Similkameen-Nicola
Hunter Tootoo (Inuit) – Nunavut
Dan Vandal (Métis) – Saint Boniface-Saint Vital
Jody Wilson-Raybould (Kwakwaka’wakw) – Vancouver Granville
New Democratic Party of Canada (NDP)
Cameron Alexis (Nakota) – Peace River-Westlock
Sandra Arias (Cree) – Battlefords-Lloydminster
Melissa Atkinson (Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in) – Yukon
April Bourgeois (Métis) – Regina-Wascana
Chantal Crête (Métis) – Argenteuil Petite-Nation
Jonathan Genest-Jourdain (Innu) – Manicouagan
Rex Isaac (Anishinaabe) – Lambton-Kent-Middlesex
Georgina Jolibois (Dene) – Desnethé-Missinippi-Churchill River
Aaron Paquette (Cree) – Edmonton Manning
Edward Rudkowski (Inuit) – Labrador
Romeo Saganash (Cree) – Abitibi-Baie-James-Nunavik–Eeyou
Carleen Thomas (Tsleil-Waututh) – North Vancouver
Nancy Tremblay (Abenaki) – Orléans
Duane Zaraska (Métis) – Lakeland
What are they offering Indigenous peoples?
With the campaign underway, political parties are making all sorts of pledges to Canadians – and it’s no different for indigenous voters. Here’s a look at indigenous-specific items being offered to indigenous voters.
The Conservatives say election platforms will be released as the election campaign progresses. However, before the writ dropped the party made some big ticket pledges (including in the most recent federal budget);
- $215 million to provide skills development and training for aboriginal peoples;
- $200 million for First Nations education and and schools;
- $30 million for a land management scheme aimed at helping economic development on reserves.
- Review the 94 recommendations released by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission
- Commit $567 million over five years to help build “stronger communities.”
- $500 million toward building and renovating schools on reserves.
Although Indigenous Peoples are mentioned and included throughout the Green Party’s “Vision Green” there is a specific “Aboriginal policy.” Here are some highlights of what the Green Party says MPs will do if elected:
- Implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- Restore the $5.1 billion commitment and specifics of the Kelowna Accord.
- Work with aboriginal groups to create an Aboriginal Lands and Treaties Tribunal Act that deals with land claims, negotiations, etc.
- Immediately implement lands claims agreements already negotiated and that may have stalled due to lack of funding.
- Review all existing federal policies on self-government.
- Ensure that any self-government negotiations do not lead to extinguishment of aboriginal title and rights or assimilation.
- Fully implement the recommendations of the 1996 Report of the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples.
- Remove the 2% funding cap on First Nation education and fully fund the program back log ($424 million).
- Ensure that governments and corporations honor and abide by the Sparrow Decision (which recognizes the aboriginal right to fish) as well as the Tsilhqot’in ruling, which recognizes aboriginal title.
- Negotiate and legislate primary hunting, fishing, trapping, and logging rights for aboriginal peoples on traditional lands.
- If pushed by First Nations, work to scrap the Indian Act.
Much of what the Liberals are offering indigenous peoples is included in their “Real Change” platform document, under the section, “United and Inclusive Canada.” If they assume power, the party says a Liberal government will;
- Immediately lift the two per cent cap on funding for First Nations programs and services (which a Liberal government introduced in 1996)
- “Nation-to-nation talks” on improving gap in First Nations education.
- Initial funding of an extra $515 million a year for core education in First Nations schools (K to 12) for a total of $2.6 billion in new funding over four years.
- $500 million more for education infrastructure
- Will work with provinces and territories on improving urban schools where First Nations are large sector of population.
- Additional $50 million per year for post-secondary student support.
- Implement the Kelowna Accord “in a manner that meets today’s challenges.”
- New funding to support and enhance indigenous languages
- Ensure that First Nations have control over First Nations education.
- Equitable funding for child and family services on reserves.
- Immediately launch a national public inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls in Canada.
- Enact the 94 recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, including the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- Repeal changes to the Elections Act that might make it harder for indigenous peoples to vote
- Development of a “Federal Reconciliation Framework” with mechanisms to resolve grievances associated with existing historical treaties and modern land-claims agreements.
- Conduct a full review of legislation unilaterally imposed on indigenous peoples by the Harper government.
The NDP leader Tom Mulcair has already announced some pledges to indigenous peoples;
- Creation of a cabinet-level committee, chaired by the prime minister, to ensure federal government decisions respect treaty rights, inherent rights and Canada’s international obligations
- Within 100 days of assuming office, call an inquiry into the issue of missing and murdered indigenous women and girls.
- Ensure that all new legislation abides by the United Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
- Begin to act on recommendations made by the Truth & Reconciliation Commission
- Contribute federal funds to build an all-weather road for the Shoal Lake 40 First Nation.
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