Wilson, A. (2017). Anna Wilson’s feeble attempt at creating an Aboriginal water policy model or map where the intended outcomes are the actual consequences. Waterwishingwell.org.


Suzuki, D. (2017). Glass Half Empty? Resolving Drinking Water Advisories in Ontario. 10. Retrieved from https://canadians.org/sites/default/files/water/report-DWA-First-Nations-0217.pdf.
The typical federal process to end Drinking Water Advisories (DWAs), First Nations who need to upgrade their drinking water systems endure a long process with several key steps for  funding.  Drinking water projects  range in cost from several hundred thousand to several million dollars. To obtain base funding and preliminary project approval from Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC), First Nations must complete a feasibility study, often self-funded. First Nations drinking water projects often take between five and 10 years to complete at a minimum, with delays related to funding, seasonality and shifts in political priorities being far too common. In the meantime, First Nations can live for many years  without clean tap water.



The Urgency of Effective Water Policies for Aboriginal People


Laberge, M. (2016). Kashechewan children’s skin lesions not caused by water: health minister. CBC News. Retrieved From http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/kashechewan-water-health-skin-rash-update-1.3500631.


MacPhee, , N.J. (2016). Cape Breton’s Potlotek First Nation protests dirty water: Thick, black liquid pouring out of taps at the Cape Breton reserve. CBC News.Retrieved From http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/potlotek-dirty-water-protest-1.3781301.

  1. How can  the needs  of the Aboriginal community  be identified effectively beyond the extent to which the policies Indigenous & Northern Affairs Canada has allowed Aboriginal communities live with contaminated water?

Call us at (780)492-2577 ext. #1  Thursdays at 5:30 pm  tell us what you think win prizes!

Examples of Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada’s Policy Paradigms

Step-by-Step Procedure to Develop a Source Water Protection Plan.First Nations On-Reserve Source Water Protection Plan. Indigenous  and Northern Affairs Canada. Retrieved From https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1398369474357/1398369572276.

Figure 5: Source Water Protection Plan Process: The 5 steps of the source water protection plan process, which are listed and presented in detail in the text below the image. The image shows arrows that form a circle. This circle illustrates the planning cycle.

The INAC template and guide attempts to simplify the planning process and leaves the technical requirements to the later implementation phase. Implementation of the SWP plans remains an outstanding issue, with no funding provided to actually deliver on the plans, let alone provide the required financial resources to undertake the technical work. Implementation of plan initiatives are the goal of producing a SWP plan, therefore lack of ability to undertake implementation through lack of financial resources still prevents First Nations communities from achieving their goals of SWP. These cases highlight the critical gap between the regulatory requirements of both the federal and provincial governments and the fiscal requirements to address the threats identified in SWP planning for First Nations (Collins, & McGregor, et.al., 2017, p. 16`).

Collins, L., McGregor, D., Allen, S., Murray, C., & Metcalfe, C. (2017). Source Water Protection Planning for Ontario First Nations Communities: Case Studies Identifying Challenges and Outcomes. Water (20734441), 9(7), 1-19. doi:10.3390/w9070550

Tully, J. (2014). On global citizenship:James Tully in dialogue. [electronic resource] : London ; New York : Bloomsbury Academic, 2014.


Strategic Outcomes and Program Alignment Architecture. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada — 2015–16 Departmental Performance Report. Retrieved From https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1466532403785/1466532431821.INAC’s Program Alignment Architecture (PAA), an inventory of the Department’s programs and sub-programs, is presented below. The framework demonstrates the logical and ordered relationship between programs, subprograms, and the four strategic outcomes.

Minister Carolyn Bennett Stop the Underfunding of Water Plants on Indigenous Reserves!

Many current water plants on reserves  are not being maintained like the ones in big cities. Neskantaga is a small community of about 350 people but they are people and their needs need to be respected. Minister Carolyn Bennett is the minister of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs and she can make a difference in how the First Nations communities are funded. read more at https://www.change.org/p/minister-carolyn-bennett-stop-the-underfunding-of-water-plants-on-indigenous-reserves?read_more=true









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L-T DWAs lifted since November 2015 on public systems financially supported by INAC L-T DWAs lifted since November 2015 on public systems financially supported by INAC
DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC that may become L-T DWAs DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC that may become L-T DWAs (in effect from 2-12 months)
Current L-T DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC Current L-T DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC
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26 L-T DWAs lifted since November 2015 on public systems financially supported by INAC 18 DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC that may become L-T DWAs (in effect from 2-12 months) 70 Current L-T DWAs on public systems financially supported by INAC

Indigenous & Northern Affairs Canada INAC.(2017). Safe drinking water for First Nation communities. INAC. Retrieved from https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1506514143353/1506514230742






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